Annotated Bibliography 2



The purpose of this research is to help people fully understand that HIV/AIDS is a serious thing that shouldn’t be taken lightly.  The two panels that I am investigating are for Mitchell David Mucha and Kenny Mucha Sacha. Using these two panels we can understand how people were helped during this time. Mitchell Mucha was a doctor during this time period and Kenny Sacha was an entertainer, it is clear that people were helped through medical care and entertainment. People were sick and needed to be treated and people were experiencing a lot of terrible things such as being ignored or isolated. So through the use of entertainment, it helped lighten up peoples’ moods.

I will be researching how people in the medical field treated people, the medical tools used during this time period, how entertainment affected people. My thought process as I moved through this investigation was me going back and forth between different ideas and questions I had for these panels. I went from analyzing how people in the medical field affect people to how other professions such as teachers affected people and lastly to how comedy affected people as well as how they used it as a source of coping. I felt that the two most important citations were “The Quality of Patient Doctor Communication about…” and “Women with AIDS often undiagnosed, activists say” because they mostly focus on how people were treated and felt during this epidemic. as well as it showed how important communication was needed during this time between doctor and their patients. I compiled a few questions that I got after researching these two panels; What effect did comedy and entertainment have on people?, How did people in the medical field treat their HIV/AIDS patients?, How people were treated by others during this time period?, and How did people cope with HIV/AIDS?

Caldwell, Ellen, et al. “The Quality of Patient-Doctor Communication about… : AIDS.” LWW, 9 Sept. 1998.

Written by Caldwell, Ellen; Greenlee, Heather from the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Curtisa is also from this division as well. Collier, Ann C. from the Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine. Curtisa, J. Randall; Patrick, Donald L. from the Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. The article offers data on percentage reports of clinicians communicating with patients. The authors mention that their objective is to “ To assess prevalence and quality of end-of-life communication between persons with advanced AIDS and their clinicians and to identify patient and clinician characteristics associated with this communication”. The article was intended for historians and those in the medical field since it discussing how communication could improve the quality of care for HIV/AIDS patients. People that might find this article interesting include historians, researchers, people in the medical field and students who want to know about the HIV/AIDS epidemic and how people were treated during care.

I would believe that this could be useful because the panel this was intended for was a doctor during the HIV/AIDS times so we don’t know how well he treated his patients or if he was good at communicating with them and trying to understand them. I originally thought that this may be useful to understand how patients and doctors interacted during this time and how it could have affected them.

Christiansen, Adrienne E., and Jeremy J. Hanson. “Comedy as a cure for tragedy: Act up and the rhetoric of aids” Taylor & Francis Online, 5 June 2009.

The article was written by Adrienne E. Christiansen, an assistant professor in the department of communication studies at Macalester College in St. Paul Minnesota and Jeremy J. Hanson, a graduate from Macalester College. The article offers no metadata or images. The purpose of this article was to give people a brief understanding of how ACT UP helped people by giving them comic. It also talks about how ACT UP was blamed for this epidemic, so a way they coped with being the scapegoats for this was with comic relief as well. The intended audience was for researchers, historians, people who are interested in how ACT UP helped during this crisis. Anyone who is interested in researching, history, and even the LGBT would find this article interesting.

This is useful for my final analysis paper because it helps gives people an understanding of how patients during this time coped with being isolated, neglected, and insulted by others. We can also understand that many different people were blamed for this epidemic even if they were trying to help others and spread awareness.

Garfield, Simon. “The rise and fall of AZT: It was the drug that had to work. It brought hope to people with HIV and Aids, and millions for the company that developed it. It had to work. There was nothing else. But for many who used AZT – it didn’t” Independent, 1 May, 1993.

Simon Garfield is a staff apart of Independent. The article provides no metadata besides the date it was published. It has a purpose to educate people on how AZT was first adapted and how the effects of it were worse than what patients were already feeling. It was later found that AZT didn’t help patients with HIV at all. It seemed that AZT developed more side effects than those on the placebo. But after years of researching AZT they realized that AZT is not a cute and only buys time for patients.

I could use this in for my final analysis paper because I wanted to talk about how children weren’t given AZT at all while other people were. I want to be able to understand the effects AZT had on people since it was one of the first medicines that HIV/AIDS victims become desperate for this.

Lear, Dana. “Sexual communication in the age of AIDS: The construction of risk and trust among young adults” ScienceDirect, March 2000.

This was written by Dana Lear, from the Centre for Public Health Research, Queensland University of Technology in Australia. The article offers a perspective from students they interviewed. The only metadata it offers is location and time. The article talks about how young adults have a high risk of STDs. They mentioned about sources that can help students learn about the dangers of unsafe sex by gender and sexuality preferences. They also state that friends were an important influence in learning about how sexual relationships were handled rather than parents or even sex ed classes.

This is useful for my final analysis paper because it mentions that not only were children being refused education they weren’t even educating them on the dangers of safe sex or at least giving informing them of something that could be useful for them to know. It also helps show that the medical field and educators were a big factor in why HIV/AIDS kept spreading, not spreading awareness would help put adults, young adults, and children at an even greater risk.

King M. B.. “AIDS and the general practitioner: views of patients with HIV infection and AIDS” BMJ, 1988. 297 :182

Written by M.B. King from Institute of Psychiatry in Denmark Hill, London. This article offers the perspective from people they have interviewed. It also offers metadata such as a place, London. The purpose of this article was to understand how patients felt about their care from a general practitioner and their views. The intended audience would be the those in the medical field so they can understand that the way they treat their patients affects how they feel and cope. People that would find this article interesting would be researchers, historians, and people in the medical field such as general practitioners.

I believe that this would be useful because it would help us understand how patients felt about doctors during this time. And we could assess whether or not Dr. Mucha was able to understand how they felt or not. I originally wasn’t sure if this would help or not and I’m still not sure, but it could do go either way.

“Preschools keep out AIDS boy” Maria Helena Dolan Papers, W134, Archives for Research on Women and Gender, Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library.

Written by the staff of the Atlanta Journal found in the Georgia State University Archives at this time they have been posting back to back articles about the HIV/AIDS problems across the world and state. The articles offer metadata such as when the article was posted, where it was printed as well as what the county the family is from and images of the child and his two mothers. The purpose of this article is to let people know that discrimination doesn’t happen to only adults that even children are being denied rights to attend school and be free. It shows that parents shouldn’t let people keep their children from attending school just because they had HIV/AIDS and that they should fight for their children’s rights. People who have found this information useful are researchers, those in the medical field, historians and people investigating the epidemic case.

This article is useful because it helps people understand how people have treated no matter the age during this time. It also helps answers my question about how the medical field treats people. If people were being denied education, it is possible that they were being denied care as well.

Marcenko, Maureen O., and Linda Samost. “Living with HIV/AIDS: The Voices of HIV-Positive Mothers” Social Work, January 1999.

The authors of this article are Maureen O. Marcenko, Ph.D., ACSW associated professor at the School of Social Work, and University of Washington and Linda Samost, BS a self-employed consultant in Philadelphia. The article only offers time and place for metadata. The article is about how mothers lived and coped with HIV/AIDS, what their concerns were as well as how they parented and their plans for the future of their children. The purpose of this article was to help people understand how mothers felt trying to raise their children with this disease. Especially since a lot of women were undiagnosed and with the discrimination it was hard on them. People who would have found this article interesting include historians, researchers, and mothers who have HIV/AIDS in modern times.

This is important because Kenny Sacha was a way to help people cope, so mothers were people who also needed ways to help cope with their treatment. Kenny Sacha appeared on television there must have been a lot of mothers who found comfort in him. Also, it’s important that people have not only an understanding of how their children but also how the mothers felt raising children with HIV/AIDS and mothers having HIV/AIDS while raising children.


“Women with AIDS often undiagnosed, activists say” Maria Helena Dolan Papers, W134, Archives for Research on Women and Gender, Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library.

The author Rebecca Pearl is a staff writer for The Atlanta Journal and Constitution paper. This newspaper offers metadata such as when the article was posted, where it was printed as well as an image of Chip Rowan, an activist from ACT UP. The purpose of this article was to give people and understanding that women are being misdiagnosed, not being given the medication they need, refusing their disability and letting them die of the disease. The article states that “They are not included in the federal definition of the deadly disease because of the infection. Archivists, historians, and researchers would find this article interesting.

This would be useful for my final analysis paper because it talks about how doctors, nurses, and the federal government denied them the rights to medication and help which led a lot of people to their deaths. This shows that they lacked care for people with HIV/AIDS. It’s important that people understand that this was a crucial time for everyone who was affected by this.

Stolberg, Sheryl. “Use of Placebo Is Ended for H.I.V. Study in Africa” The New York Times, 24 October, 1997.

Sherly Stolberg, the author is a Congressional Correspondent for the New York Times. Metadata located in the newspaper is the date when the newspaper was published. The newspaper has the purpose to educate about the use of placebo on people as well as what they think about it. It also discusses how AZT might be a better option than placebo on patients. A quote from the newspaper states that “The study. which is to begin in late February or early March and will be paid for by he National Institutes of Health, was initially designed to see whether a short course of the anti-viral drug AZT is more effective than a placebo in reducing transmission of the AIDS virus, H.I.V., from a pregnant women to her baby”.

The newspaper would be useful for my panel because it talks about the drugs they used on people during the 1980s. And these drugs were used on certain social groups because this wasn’t an effective treatment to help people. But it was the only treatment they could be given during the time.

YesterGayTV. “KennySacha.” YouTube, 5 July 2013.

Made by the account YesterGayTV in their About section it states that “Lifestyle Update, a West Hollywood based public affairs program which examined a wide range of LGBT issues. In programs from 1986-1990, health, science and sociopolitical concerns relevant to the emerging AIDS crisis are extensively explored”. The article only offers images as a resource since it is a video, the images come from Kenny Sacha himself from his childhood.  The purpose of this video was to give you an idea and understanding of Kenny Sacha, who performed at many Aids fundraisers, helped others who needed it as well as making people laugh. The creator wants people to understand how much of a difference people like Mr. Sacha have made to society. People who would watch this video are those who want to understand the HIv/AIDS epidemic, researchers, and comedians. People would find this information useful would be researchers, historians and comedians Mr. Sacha as popular so he could have fans that want to know more about him.

This video is not that useful for my first panel because it does give information about the panel maker but Kenny Sacha has his panel, therefore, it would be more suited for the research I am doing about him. I also thought this could be useful since he was the panel maker, and he left no other info about Dr. Mucha.